Transfer Car Title in Virginia

What Is a Title Transfer?Transfer-Title

A title reflects ownership. Whenever information on a title changes, a title transfer must occur. There is no time limit, but it’s best to complete a title transfer as soon as possible. A title transfer must occur when you:

* Buy or sell a vehicle
* Satisfy a lien
* Transfer a vehicle to a family member
* Gift a vehicle
* Donate a vehicle
* Inherit a vehicle
* Make a name change or add/delete a name from the title

Selling a CarTransfer-Title

Ordering a Vehicle History Report will help potential buyers feel confident in the quality of your car by providing information about the vehicles past.

To transfer the title to the buyer:

* Contact your lienholder about the sale and make sure the DMV gets a copy of the Transfer of Certificate of Lien Information form (if applicable)
* Complete, sign, and date the title as the seller. Record the odometer reading (if the title doesn’t have a space for that, fill out an Odometer Disclosure Statement with the buyer)
* Record the purchase price for the buyer to take to the DMV (if the title doesn’t have a space for that, fill out a Bill of Sale for vehicles older than five years or a Supplemental Information for Procurement of Title if the vehicle is five years old or newer)
* Have the buyer complete, sign, and date the title
* Remove your license plates
* Give the title and any applicable documents listed above to the seller to go to the DMV and finish the title transfer

Buying a CarTransfer-Title

New car: Generally you dealer will handle the title transfer for you.

Used car: When you shop for a used car, order a Vehicle History Report on any cars you’re interested in so you know the car’s past. Once you have a car picked out, find an auto finance option and car insurance policy that fit your budget.

To transfer the title, you must:

* Get current lien information from the seller. If the seller is transferring a lien with the title, fill out a Transfer of Certificate of Lien Information form.
* Have the seller sign and date the title, record the odometer reading (or give you an Odometer Disclosure Statement), and write the purchase price on the title (or give you a Bill of Sale of Supplemental Information Procurement of the Title)
* You sign and date the title as the "buyer"
* Have the seller remove the old license plates and give you the title

Visit the DMV with those documents and:

* An Application for Certificate of Title and Registration
* Proof of address
* $10 titling fee
* Appropriate Motor Vehicle Sales and Use Tax
* Take the necessary steps for registration so you can complete both titling and registration at the same time

Removing a LienTransfer-Title

When you pay off your car loan, the lienholder will either:

* Handle the release and title transfer for you – if you are part of the Electronic Lien Program. The DMV will mail you your new title.
* Record the lien satisfaction on the title and mail it to you. The it is up to you to go to the DMV with the title and $10 titling fee.

Transferring to FamilyTransfer-Title

The DMV does not require certain family members to pay sales and use tax when a title is transfered. Family members include parents, spouses, and children. Take the following steps to transfer a title between family members:

* Have the former owner contact his lienholder. The lienholder and both parties may need to complete a Transfer of Certificate of Lien information form.
* Have the former owner sign and date the title as the "seller" as well as record the odometer reading (or complete an Odometer Disclosure Statement)
* Have the new owner sign and date the title as the "buyer"
* Record the purchase price as "family transfer" or "gift" on the title. If the vehicle is older than five years, complete a Bill of Sale. If the vehicle is five years old or newer, fill out a Supplemental Information for Procurement of Title
* Complete and have notarized a Purchaser’s Statement of Tax Exemption
* Have the former owner remove the license plates and hand over the title

The new owner must go to the DMV with the above documents and:

* An Application for Certificate of Title and Registration
* Proof of address
* $10 titling fee
* Take the necessary steps for registration so you can complete both titling and registration at the same time

Gifting a VehicleTransfer-Title

The recipient will need to pay the Motor Vehicle Sales and Use Tax based on the NADA Official Used Car Guide unless the vehicle and recipient are specifically exempt. Check with the DMV to determine the exact amount.

If you receive a vehicle as a gift, you must:

* Be sure the former owner takes for of business with the lienholder. This may include completing a Transfer of Certificate of Lien Information form.
* Have the gifter complete, sign, and date the title as the "seller"
* Be sure the gifter has recorded the odometer reading (or completed an Odometer Disclosure Statement)
* Have the gifter write "gift" on the title. You may also need Bill of Sale if the vehicle is older than five years old or a Supplemental Information for Procurement of Title if the vehicle is five years old or newer.
* Have the former owner remove his license plates and hand over the title

Visit the DMV with the above and:

* An Application for Certificate of Title and Registration
* Proof of address
* $10 titling fee
* Take the necessary steps for registration so you can complete both titling and registration at the same time
* The appropriate Motor Vehicle Sales and Use Tax, if applicable

Donating a VehicleTransfer-Title

Find a reputable charity to donate you vehicle and do the appropriate paperwork. You may be eligible for a tax deduction when you do so. Contact a tax attorney for more details.

Inheriting a VehicleTransfer-Title

The process varies for transferring the title of an inherited vehicle depending on:

* Whether you already have joint ownership of the vehicle
* You inherited it in a will
* You or someone else is the executor of the estate or there is no executor

You may want to contact a probate attorney, the DMV, and/or current lienholders for additional details.

You should take the following steps:
* Locate the current title, proof of identity and address, a certified or notarized death certificate, (if applicable) a notarized copy of the will or Statement of Authority to Assign Title, and (if applicable) the court document or will naming you executor of the estate
* Go to the DMV with the above documents and the executor, plus the $10 titling fee and Motor Vehicle Sales and Use Tax, plus documents needed for registration (if you choose to complete registration at the same time)

Making Name CorrectionsTransfer-Title

To change a name:
* Fill out an Application for Replacement and Substitute Titles
* Fill out an Application for Change of Existing Vehicle Record

Go to the DMV with the above paperwork and:

* The current title
* Legal documents verifying your name change or correction (such as marriage certificate, divorce decree, birth certificate, or other court document)
* $10 fee

To delete a name:
* Sign your name on the title as the "seller"
* Have the person leaving the title also sign his name as the "seller"
* Sign your name as the "buyer"
* Fill out an an Application for Replacement and Substitute Titles
* Fill out an Application for Change of Existing Vehicle Record
* Bring the title, applications, and $10 to the DMV

To add a name:
* Fill out an Application for Replacement and Substitute Titles
* Fill out an Application for Change of Existing Vehicle Record
* Bring the title, applications, the additional person, and $10 to the DMV